Nissan Rogue manuals

Nissan Rogue Service Manual: P0420 three way catalyst function

DTC Description

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

The ECM monitors the switching frequency ratio of air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2.

A three way catalyst (manifold) with high oxygen storage capacity will indicate a low switching frequency of heated oxygen sensor 2.

As oxygen storage capacity decreases, the heated oxygen sensor 2 switching frequency will increase.

When the frequency ratio of air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2 approaches a specified limit value, the three way catalyst (manifold) malfunction is diagnosed.

DTC detection logic

DTC No. CONSULT screen terms (Trouble diagnosis content) DTC detecting conditio
P0420 TW CATALYST SYS-B1 (Catalyst system efficiency below threshold bank 1)
  • Three way catalyst (manifold) does not operate properly.
  •  Three way catalyst (manifold) does not have enough oxygen storage capacity.

POSSIBLE CAUSE

FAIL-SAFE

Not applicable

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following procedure before conducting the next test.

  1.  Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2.  Turn ignition switch ON.
  3.  Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

Will CONSULT be used? YES >> GO TO 2.

NO >> GO TO 6.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-1

With CONSULT

TESTING CONDITION: Do not hold engine speed for more than the specified minutes below.

  1.  Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  2.  Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3.  Turn ignition switch ON.
  4.  Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5.  Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  6.  Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  7.  Select “DATA MONITOR” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.
  8.  Check that “COOLAN TEMP/S” indicates more than 70°C (158°F). If not, warm up engine and go to next step when “COOLAN TEMP/S” indication reaches to 70°C (158°F).
  9.  Open engine hood.
  10.  Select “DTC & SRT CONFIRMATION” then “SRT WORK SUPPORT” mode of “ENGINE” using CONSULT.
  11.  Rev engine up to 2,500 to 3,000 rpm and hold it for 3 consecutive minutes then release the accelerator pedal completely.
  12.  Check the indication of “CATALYST”.

Which is displayed on CONSULT screen? CMPLT>> GO TO 5.

INCMP >> GO TO 3.

3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

  1.  Wait 5 seconds at idle.
  2.  Rev engine up to 2,500 to 3,000 rpm and maintain it until “INCMP” of “CATALYST” changes to “CMPLT” (It will take approximately 5 minutes).

Does the indication change to “CMPLT”?

YES >> GO TO 5.

NO >> GO TO 4.

4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE AGAIN

  1.  Stop engine and cool it down to less than 70°C (158°F).
  2.  Perform DTC confirmation procedure again.

>> GO TO 2.

5.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-3

Check 1st trip DTC.

Is 1st trip DTC detected? YES >> Proceed to EC-302, "Diagnosis Procedure".

NO >> INSPECTION END

6.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Without CONSULT

  1.  Start engine and warm it up to the normal operating temperature.
  2.  Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3.  Restart engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  4.  Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  5.  Open engine hood.
  6.  Check the voltage between ECM harness connector terminals as per the following condition.

Perform component function check

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Proceed to EC-302, "Diagnosis Procedure".

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK EXHAUST SYSTEM

Visually check exhaust tubes and muffler for dent.

Is the inspection result normal?

YES >> GO TO 2.

NO >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

2.CHECK EXHAUST GAS LEAK

  1.  Start engine and run it at idle.
  2.  Listen for an exhaust gas leak before the three way catalyst (manifold).

Check exhaust gas leak

Is exhaust gas leak detected? YES >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

NO >> GO TO 3.

3.CHECK INTAKE AIR LEAK

Listen for an intake air leak after the mass air flow sensor.

Is intake air leak detected? YES >> Repair or replace error-detected parts.

NO >> GO TO 4.

4.CHECK IGNITION TIMING AND IDLE SPEED

Check the following items. Refer to EC-132, "Work Procedure".

For specification, refer to EC-500, "Ignition Timing" For specification, refer to EC-500, "Idle Speed".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 5.

NO >> Follow the EC-132, "Work Procedure".

5.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

Check the fuel injector. Refer to EC-464, "Component Function Check".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 6.

NO >> Perform EC-464, "Diagnosis Procedure".

6.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-1

CAUTION: Do the following procedure in the place where ventilation is good without the combustible.

  1.  Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2.  Remove fuel pump fuse in IPDM E/R to release fuel pressure.

    NOTE: Do not use CONSULT to release fuel pressure, or fuel pressure applies again during the following procedure.

  3.  Start engine.
  4.  After engine stalls, crank it two or three times to release all fuel pressure.
  5.  Turn ignition switch OFF.
  6.  Remove all ignition coil harness connectors to avoid the electrical discharge from the ignition coils.
  7.  Remove ignition coil and spark plug of the cylinder to be checked.
  8.  Crank engine for 5 seconds or more to remove combustion gas in the cylinder.
  9.  Connect spark plug and harness connector to ignition coil.
  10. Fix ignition coil using a rope etc. with gap of 13 - 17 mm (0.52 - 0.66 in) between the edge of the spark plug and grounded metal portion as shown in the figure.
  11.  Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and check whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Check function of ignition COIL-1

Spark should be generated.

CAUTION:

NOTE: When the gap is less than 13 mm (0.52 in), the spark might be generated even if the coil is malfunctioning.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 10.

NO >> GO TO 7.

7.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-2

  1.  Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2.  Disconnect spark plug and connect a known-good spark plug.
  3.  Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded metal portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> GO TO 8.

NO >> Check ignition coil, power transistor and their circuits. Refer to EC-470, "Diagnosis Procedure".

8.CHECK SPARK PLUG

Check the initial spark plug for fouling, etc. Refer to EM-17, "Removal and Installation".

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to EM-115, "General Specification".

NO >> Repair or clean spark plug. Refer to EM-17, "Removal and Installation". Then GO TO 9

Check spark plug

9.CHECK FUNCTION OF IGNITION COIL-3

  1.  Reconnect the initial spark plugs.
  2.  Crank engine for about 3 seconds, and recheck whether spark is generated between the spark plug and the grounded portion.

Spark should be generated.

Is the inspection result normal? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace spark plug(s) with standard type one(s). For spark plug type, refer to EM-115, "General Specification".

10.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

  1.  Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Remove fuel injector assembly.

    Refer to EM-40, "Exploded View".

    Keep fuel hose and all fuel injectors connected to fuel tube.

  3.  Disconnect all ignition coil harness connectors.
  4.  Reconnect all fuel injector harness connectors disconnected.
  5.  Turn ignition switch ON.

Does fuel drip from fuel injector? YES >> GO TO 11.

NO >> Replace the fuel injector(s) from which fuel is dripping. Refer to EM-40, "Exploded View".

11.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Refer to GI-41, "Intermittent Incident".

Is the trouble fixed? YES >> INSPECTION END

NO >> Replace three way catalyst assembly. Refer to EM-29, "Exploded View".

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